Pronoun代名詞

因Pronoun可作Adjective之用,在分類上有點含糊。若它是用作形容詞或副詞時,本課程會將Pronoun也分類為Adjective (也是Analytical Greek NT 的分類方法,便於查考其詞形分析之用)。

所以,下一課討論的Adjective 會包括 :

這一課中所討論的Pronoun 則包括  : 

 

I.  Pronoun代名詞的詞形分析 : 

A. 代名詞的Case, Number, Gender 取決於 : 

  1. 若它是作形容詞Adjective之用 : 依從它要形容的詞語之Case, No, Gender
  2. 若它是作代名詞Pronoun之用 : 

B. First and Second Personal Pronoun 第一及第二身人稱代名詞 : 

詞形分析包括 : Case, Person, No., Lexical Form ,Meaning 

C. Thrid Personal Pronoun au]toj 第三身人稱代名詞 :

詞形分析包括 : Case, Gender, No., Lexical Form ,Meaning 

N

noun名詞

P pronoun

代名詞 

Case格

N nom主格

G gen所有格

D dat間接受格

A acc直接受格

V voc呼格

Gender性

M masculine陽性

F feminine陰性

N neuter中性

Per人稱

1 1st per

2 2nd per

3 3rd per

No.數

S sing

P pl

 

II. Pronoun代名詞的詞形變化 :  

A. First and Second Personal Pronoun :其詞形變化已顯示出它的Case, Number 和Person(1st and 2nd Personal Pronoun 沒有Gender性的分別)

  1st person 2nd person Translation
nom sg e]gw su you
gen sg mou sou my__ your__
dat sg moi soi to me to you
ac sg [me [se me you
nom pl h[meij u[meij we  you
gen pl h[mwn u[mwn our__ your__
dat pl h[min [u[min to us to you
acc pl h[maj [u[maj us you

B. Thrid Personal Pronoun au]toj :Case endings(紅色字)字尾與Noun一樣(nom sg, acc sg 除外),再在其前頭加入au]t。它的Case endings題顯示出其Case, Number, Gender (Person 已肯定是3rd Person 了)。Lexical Form基本字型 : au]toj 

  2 masc  1 fem 2 neut Translation
nom sg au]toj  au]t au]to he she it
gen sg au]tou au]thj au]tou his her its
dat sg au]t& au]t^ au]t& to him to her to it
acc sg au]ton au]thn au]to him her it
nom pl au]toi au]tai  au]ta they
gen pl au]twn au]twn au]twn their
dat pl au]toij au]taij au]toij to them
acc pl au]touj au]taj au]ta them

 

III. 代名詞的用法 :

A. First and Second Personal Pronoun : 

Usages: 

  1. 1st person singular (I) : add e and accent
  2. 2nd person singular (you) : add accent
  3. Note : Accents is symbols add over a vowel e.g. a <a> a?

B. Thrid Personal Pronoun au]toj :

Usages: 

  1. 第三身人稱代名詞 :As 3rd Personal Pronoun. e.g.
  2. 加強語氣代名詞 (As Intensive Pronoun to intensify the meaning of a noun) : the pronoun has no article and its case, no. and gender is the same as the noun it intensify  e.g.the apostle himself au]toj o[ a[[postoloj  
  3. As Identical Adjective (use with noun to mean "same") : the pronoun has an article and  its case, no. and gender is the same as the noun e.g.the same apostle o[ au]toj o[ a[[postoloj (這用法歸類為Adjective, 將在下一課討論)

IV. 例子 - 太6:19 : 先看Analytical Greek NT,np開始的便是Pronoun代名詞,我們先將所有代名詞以紅色代表。 u`min的詞形分析是 : dat,2nd person, plural, su, to you . 致於這代名詞的意義 :Dat case indicate aim, 指積財的目的是為自己(如和合本譯法)。2nd person, so translate as "yourself" not "myself" . Plural as the Pronoun refer to treasures which is plural.

God's Word for Window :  Lay 2343 not 3361 up 2343 5720 for yourselves 5213 treasures 2344 upon 1909 earth 1093, where 3699 moth 4597 and 2532 rust 1035 doth corrupt 853 5719, and 2532 where 3699 thieves 2812 break through 1358 5719 and 2532 steal 2813 5719
Analytical Greek NT : Mh(qn) qhsauri,zete (vmpa--2p) u`min ,(npd-2p) qhsaurou.j (n-am-p) epi,(pg) th/j `(dgfs) gh/j/(n-gf-s) o[pou(abr) sh.j (n-nm-s) kai,(cc) brw/sij (n-nf-s) avfani,zei (vipa--3s) kai,(cc) o[pou (abr) kle,ptai (n-nm-p) dioru,ssousin(vipa--3p) kai,(cc) kle,ptousin(vipa--3p)

 

習作 :

1. 記下以上兩種代名詞的特徵。

2. 試找出太6:20中的代名詞,並完成其詞形分析和分析其意義。

太6:20qhsauri,zete (vmpa--2p) de. ,(ch) u`min (npd-2p) qhsaurou.j (n-am-p) evn(pd) ouvranw(n-dm-s) o[pou (abr) ou;te (cc) sh.j (n-nm-s) ou;te (cc) brw/sij (n-nf-s) avfani,zei (vipa--3s) kai. ,(cc) o[pou (abr) kle,ptai(n-nm-p) ouv (qn) dioru,ssousin (vipa--3p) ouvde. ,(cc) kle,ptousin\ (vipa--3p)

3. 利用希臘文生字卡,熟記在新約聖經中出現151-200次的 30個字。

4. 繼續以原文讀太5-7章

如有任何問題,歡迎電郵給我們